Molecular and Cellular Biology research works at the interface between biology and chemistry and increasingly researchers are applying computational approaches to analyse biomolecules and genomic information.  Entire cellular systems can be described using functional genomics, proteomics and metabolomics. Cell biology research uses a variety of cutting edge microscopy approaches as well as biochemical and biophysical approaches to understand key cell physiological processes such as secretion, membrane transport, hormone action and cell signalling. Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Medical Biochemistry and Metabolomics and Medicinal and Biomolecular Chemistry all received a rating of 'above world-standard' in the recent 2015 Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA) assessment.

Molecular and Cellular Biology research is conducted in the School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, the School of Biological Sciences and the School of Agriculture and Food Sciences.

Key areas of research include: